Berikut adalah kurikulum baru, Bio-etikal dan Kemahiran Komunikasi (Bio-Ethic and Communication Skills) di Pusat Pengajian Sains Perubatan, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Cawangan Kelantan Darul Naim.

KURIKULUM IJAZAH DOKTOR PERUBATAN (M.D) PUSAT PENGAJIAN SAINS PERUBATAN USM

1. KURSUS IJAZAH DOKTOR PERUBATAN (M.D)

Secara am, kursus ini diatur mengikut sistem pembelajaran pelbagai disiplin. Salah satu daripada keistimewaan Pusat Pengajian Sains Perubatan adalah sistem pembelajaran-pengajarannya yang bercorak integrasi berlandaskan organ atau sistem dengan penumpuan terhadap penyelesaian masalah. Kurikulum ini memberi penekanan terhadap pesakit sebagai manusia di dalam konteks keluarga dan masyarakat. Ianya bertujuan untuk menimbulkan kesedaran tentang tanggungjawab perubatan di dalam masyarakat dalam konteks yang lebih luas, serta peranan kepimpinan di dalam kumpulan penjagaan kesihatan dan pembelajaran perubatan berterusan.

Konsep pengamal perubatan yang cekap yang dimaksudkan oleh Pusat Pengajian Sains Perubatan ialah seorang doktor yang ketika penganugerahan ijazahnya adalah telah dilengkapkan dengan satu spektrum pengetahuan dan kemahiran perubatan, yang boleh digunakan dalam penyelesaian masalah di peringkat individu dan masyarakat.

Khususnya graduan harus:

(a) Memahami asas sains perubatan dan penggunaannya dalam penjagaan pesakit;

(b) Memperolehi tahap kecekapan klinikal yang memuaskan berhubung dengan aspek berikut:-

(c) Memahami dan menghayati latarbelakang budaya masyarakat pesakit dan persekitarannya sewaktu merancang dan melaksanakan rawatan pesakit termasuk rawatan jangka panjang dan pengawasan turutan (follow up).

(d) Memahami peranan dan tanggungjawab perubatan yang luas di dalam masyarakat, dan memainkan peranan sebagai pemimpin dalam kumpulan penjagaan kesihatan dan masyarakat.

(e) Menggunakan pengetahuan yang diperolehi untuk mendalami aspek perubatan selanjutnya.



 
Tekan untuk pergi terus ke ->
Kurikulum Fasa 1
Kurikulum Fasa 2
Kurikulum Fasa 3

Kurikulum Fasa 1

BIO-ETHICS AND NURSING BLOCK
(BLOK BIO-ETIKA DAN KEJURURAWATAN)

KNOWLEDGE

1. Discuss the usefulness of the Hippocratic Oath in the practice of modern medicine.
2. Describe the International Code of Medical Ethics.
3. Explain the implication of the Medical Ethics on the duties of a doctor.
4. List some practices which are deemed unethical.
5. Compare the various religious medical code and the International Code of Medical Ethics.
6. Discuss the principles of and effective interpersonal communication.
7. Describe the various forms of non-verbal and verbal communication in the social context.
8. Explain the importance of being a good listener.
9. List examples of faulty communication.
10. Discuss the nature and demand of the job as a medical doctor.
11. List the changes needed to groom oneself to fulfill the future role of a medical doctor.
12. List medical studentsí role in
      12.1. academic activities
      12.2. non-academic activities
13. Describe the expected characteristics of medical students as an individual and as a group in relation to their:
     13.1. personal practice
     13.2. colleagues
     13.3. teachers
     13.4. university
     13.5. community
14. Define stress.
15. Describe variations in stress.
16. Discuss the reactions to stressful situations.
17. Describe the consequences of stress and what happen when stress is overloading.
18. Explain the common stress factors among students.
19. Discuss the various methods in coping with stress.
20. Explain why respect should be given to the:
      20.1. teacher
      20.2. patient
      20.3. colleagues and peers
      20.4. people
21. Explain from the religious and ethical point of view why respect should be given to the deceased.
22. Outline the history of medicine.
23. Identify the roles of health care team (nurses, attendant, pharmacist, physioterapist and radiographer) with respect to the basic needs of the patients.
24. Identify preventive measures in prevention of infection (hand-washing, isolation nursing). 25. Identify methods used in sterilisation of equipment in Central Sterile Service Department. 26. Identify the legal implications of drug administration to patients.

SKILLS

1. Assist in nursing observation of patients.
2. Assist patients in maintaining fluid balance.
3. Assist in the care of paediatric, geriatric and dying patients.


Kurikulum Fasa 2

b. BIOETHICS

1. The rights of patients

2. Holistic approach to patients

3. Euthanasia and physician assisted suicide

4. Death and dying from different religous perspectives

5. Doctors misconduct and the Malaysian Medical Council

6. Withholding treatment to certain groups of patients

7. Organ transplantation from different religious perspective

8. Introduction to medical research

c. COMMUNICATION SKILLS

1. Etiquette and bedside manners

2. Communicating sensitive issues to patients

3. Understanding, respecting and acting upon religious needs of patients


Kurikulum Fasa 3

Objektif Fasa 3

BIO-ETIKA DAN KEMAHIRAN KOMUNIKASI
(BIO-ETHICS AND COMMUNICATION SKILLS)

Advances in scientific knowledge in medicine, although highly desirable, have led to treatment being oriented towards the disease rather than the patient. Looking from the patientís point of view, progress in medical care makes the patient feel isolated and helpless. Yet, medicine is a caring profession which places a high priority on the patientís psychological comfort. Effective communication and ethical practice of medicine will lead to a good doctor - patient relationship and uphold the notion of a noble profession. The learning objectives of the bio-ethics and communication skills are that the student should be able to:

1. Discuss and justify their decisions on ethical issues such as confidentiality, religious practices and infamous conducts based on appropriate guiding principles such as:
  a. religious values
  b. fairness and justice
  c. safe guarding the patients best interests

2. Cite code of ethics which govern the doctor - patient relationship, doctor-doctor relationship and the practice of medicine.

3. Conduct a clinical interview with patients to collect data that are useful in making diagnoses and patient management.

4. Counsel patients under challenging circumstances (such as aggressive, abusive, extremes of age) and on sensitive issues.

5. Present scientific ideas and concepts to colleagues using appropriate visual aids.

6. Outline the principles of professional communication.

7. Communicate effectively with patients, peers and other professionals.


naa/14.10.96