CHARACTER OF THE PHYSICIAN
- The physician should be amongst those who
believe in God,fulfill His rights, are aware of His greatness,obedient
to His orders,refraining from his prohibitions, and observing Him in secret
and in public.
- The physician should be endowed with wisdom
and graceful admonition. He should be cheering not dispiriting, smiling
and not frowning, loving and not hateful, tolerant and not edgy. He should
never succumb to a grudge or fall short of clemency. He should be an instrument
of God's justice, forgiveness and not punishment, coverage and not exposure.
- He should be so tranquil as never to be rash
even when he is right. Chaste of words even when joking, tame of voice
and not noisy or loud, neat and trim and not shabby or unkempt, conducive
of trust and inspiring of respect, well mannered in his dealings with the
poor or rich, modest or great, in perfect control of his composure and
never compromising his dignity, however modest and forbearing.
- The physician should firmly know that 'life'
is God's, awarded only by Him, and that 'Death' is the conclusion of one
life and the beginning of another. Death is a solid truth and it is the
end of all but God. In his profession the physician is a solidier for "Life"
only, defending and preserving it as best as it can be, to the best of
- The Physician should offer the good example
by caring for his own health. It is not befitting for his that his "do's"
and "don't's" are not observed primarily by himself He should
not turn his back on the lessons of medical progress, because he will never
convince his patients unless they see the evidence of his own conviction.
God addresses us in the "Quran" by saying, "and make not
your own hands throw you into destruction". The Prophet says "Your
body has a right on you", and the known dictum is "no harm or
harming in Islam".
- The Physician is truthful whenever he speaks,
writes or gives testimony. He should be invincible to the dictates of creed,
greed, friendship or authority pressurizing him to make a statement or
testimony that he knows it false. Testimony is a grave responsibility in
Islam. The Prophet once asked his companions. "shall I tell you about
the gravest sins?" When they said yes, he said "claiming partners
with God, being undutiful to one's parents" and, after a short pause
he repeatedly said "and indeed the giving of false talk or false testimony."
- The Physician should be in possession of a
threshold-knowledge of jurisprudence, worship and essentials of Fiqh enabling
him to give counsel to patient seeking his guidance about health and bodily
conditions with a bearing of the rites of worship. Men and women are subject
to symptoms, ailments or biological situations like pregnancy and would
wish to know the religious ruling pertaining to prayer, fasting, pilgrimage,
family planning, etc.
- Although 'necessity overrides prohibition'
the Muslim Physician-nevertheless-should spare no effort in avoiding the
recourse to medicines or ways of therapy be they surgical, medical or behavioral
that are prohibited by Islam.
- The role of Physician is that of a catalyst
through whom God, the Creator, works to preserve life and health. He is
merely an instrument of God in alleviating people's illness. For being
so designated the physician should be grateful and forever seeking God's
help. He should be modest, free from arrogance and pride and never fall
into boasting or hint at self glorification through speech, writing or
direct or subtle advertisement.
- The Physician should strive to keep abreast
Scientific progress and innovation. His zeal or complacency and knowledge
or ignorance, directly bear on the health and well-being of his patients.
Responsibility for others should limit his freedom to expend his time.
As the poor and needy have a recognized right in the money of the capable,
so the patients own a share of the Doctor's time spent in study and in
following the progress of medicine.
- The physician should also know that the pursuit
of knowledge has a double indication in Islam. Apart from the applied therapeutic
aspect, pursuit of knowledge is in itself worship, according to the Quranic
guidance, "And say .. My Lord .. advance me in knowledge" and
"Among His worshippers, the learned fear Him most".. and "God
will raise up the ranks of those of you who believed and Thos who have
been given knowledge."